Saturday, December 22, 2007

Iran and China good friends!

During recent years the relations between Iran and China has been developing rapidly. Iran has a basically ideological system and China is originally a communist socialist system of governing. No one expects for close political friendship between these two nations. But in the real world we see that these two countries have put aside their differences and a formed a friendly relationship. WHY? What joins these two different nations is their relation with the United States. China and the U.S. do not have a reliable relationship because of their different and some times opposite benefits. Also Iranians have a hostile attitude toward the United States and this has along story. U.S. is trying to prevent Iran from its nuclear activities and calls Iran as the supporter of terrorism. U.S president has repeatedly threatened Iran with international economic sanctions and even military operation. But China not only does not agree any of these choices as the solution for the case but also finds national an economical benefits of China in close peaceful relationship with Iran.

Wednesday, December 12, 2007

Iranians are not terrorists

Among those who planned and performed 11th September attack to twin towers in New York there were many Arab citizens, Pakistani, European, African and even American citizens but no one had Iranian identity. Even there is no claim that Iran or any Iranian was involved in that terrorist operation. It is proved that Iran not only has no relation with Alqaede terrorist organization but also Iran is a severe enemy of such organization. There has been no Iranian member in Alqaede. Even once Iranian reporters were killed by Taliban in Afghanistan. Yet US and west call Iran a terrorist country or a supporter of terrorists. Why? Here is the answer: Because Iran supports Palestinians in achieving there natural right of existence. Iranians say it's proved that Israel will never give the full right of Palestinians through negotiation or dialogue unless there is equal condition. Yes Iran supports Palestinians, are they terrorists? Do you think there is other solution for the disaster in Palestine? Iran people and government have never planned or performed any terrorist operation. Yet Iran people and government have the most number of victims of terrorists which are sometimes supported by US and Europe. For example Iran second President (Rajaee) Iranian first parliament (Behesshti) and Iranian priminister (Bahonar) and many anonymous have been killed.

Sunday, December 9, 2007

Iran and its neighbors

It is my strong belief that no society may really develop while its neighbors are undeveloped. It is impossible for Germany to have a neighbor like Afghanistan. There should be several countries like Iran, Turkey, Bulgaria and Poland between. .so is the story in Middle East and Islamic world. It is impossible to establish a developed country in the heart of Middle East while the majority of neighbors are dealing with civil wars and social disasters. Iran cannot really develop while there are permanent wars and unstable conditions in Iraq and Afghanistan. This is the fact which many politicians and analyzers neglect. Today no society can ignore its neighborhood, and if it wishes to really develop it should undertake group work with neighbors. Because it is impossible to build a sky-scraper in a ruined village in a far desert. Whenever there is a wide civil war in Iraq and Afghanistan the crowd of refugees swarm to Iran borders and d while there is economical disaster in Afghanistan the wealth will escape from Iran an when ever there is a social disaster in a neighbor Iran will naturally suffer. In fact any military and social and economical disaster is contagious. This is the reason "why Iran is worried about Iraq condition. USA President claims that Iran should not middle in Iraq affairs while Iran has its worries and has the right to be worried. But the USA President from a far continent claims to have benefits in Iraq and ignores the right of neighbors in Iraq.

Friday, December 7, 2007

Tourism in Iran

Iran has a great potential in tourism because: 1- Iran has a great ancient history which equals Egypt, Greece, Room (Italy) and China. So there are many historical places and monuments in Iran.
2- There are various types of weather In Iran. The wide range of weather gives variety of choices to tourists to have an enjoying time in Iran. While in the south and center of Iran they can view desert scenes, in the west of Iran they can see beautiful snow-covered mountains and Zagross. And in the north of Iran they can walk in the seashore of Caspian Sea and view huge jungle scenes.
3- Another attractive feature of Iran is the Iranian culture and customs. Iranian people have their own unique culture and customs rooted in long rich history of Iran.

Tourism in Iran

Iran has a great potential in tourism because: 1- Iran has a great ancient history which equals Egypt, Greece, Room (Italy) and China. So there are many historical places and monuments in Iran. 2- There are various types of weather In Iran. The wide range of weather gives variety of choices to tourists to have an enjoying time in Iran. While in the south and center of Iran they can view desert scenes, in the west of Iran they can see beautiful snow-covered mountains and Zagross. And in the north of Iran they can walk in the seashore of Caspian Sea and view huge jungle scenes. 3- Another attractive feature of Iran is the Iranian culture and customs. Iranian people have their own unique culture and customs rooted in long rich history of Iran.

Tuesday, December 4, 2007

Iran and Arabs today

A note to Presence of president Ahmadinejad in Arab conference in Qatar After Islamic revolution in 1979, Iran and Arab states have never had a friendly relationship because: 1- The Iran-Iraq war resulted racial emotion of Arabs against Iran. During this 8 Year war Arabs supported Iraq in different ways. 2- In Iran there was no real will to improve relations with Arab sates. Specially with the idea of exporting Islamic revolution, Arabs got worried. 3- The policy of super power of USA was to create tension among Iran and Arabs in order to provide US benefits in the region. Today the condition has changed to a point; firstly President Saddam has vanished and there is no war between Iran and any Arab state; secondly Iran has found out that it's better to have closer relationship to Arabs instead of exporting revolution; thirdly Arabs have found out that there is no merit in hostility with their neighbor Iran. Yet the tensions and plans of US exists and US president is not happy to see Iran and Arabs presidents in a friendly conference and will surely try to create new tensions,

Monday, December 3, 2007

Let's khnow Iranian political parties

Political parties are new elements of politics in Iran. These parties were formed during reformist government of President Khatami But today the ruling government of President Ahmadinejad has a negative view toward the existence of these parties, because most of these parties belong to left wing (reformists). In fact president Ahmadinejad's ruling government does not accept the role of parties in politics because this system is basically western not Islamic (they think so). Political parties in Iran are usually formed in a situation which they are in power so they lack public support and whenever they stand out of power they lack really strong presence in society and politics. Iranian main political parties are: 1- Etemad melli (meaning national trust): the head director of Etemad melli is clergyman Karoubi (the speaker of third and sixth parliaments). He himself was the candidate for presidency and placed third after Rafsanjani and Ahmadinejad. Many reformists voted for Karoubi. 2- Mosharekat party (meaning the party of participation) a reformist party formed in former reformist parliament (sixth parliament). This party supported Dr Mostafa Moein in presidency election. Most reformists voted for Moein but he placed fifth. 3- Motalefe party (meaning coalition party) a radical party in right wing close to Ahmadinejad but a little milder. Head director is Hassan Habibi. 4- Nehzat Azadi (meaning freedom movement) a liberal reformist party which has no place in power in Iran after Islamic revolution . Its leader is Ebrahim Yazdi. This party is not legally accepted by ruling government.

Saturday, December 1, 2007

Newspapers in Iran

In Iran there is no free media. Satellite is generally forbidden by law. And all TV channels are directed by the radical government of Ahmadinejad and three are no TV or even radio stations unless they are in the hand of radicals. Also many reformist popular websites are usually filtered or closed. What about newspapers? Iranian reformists have several newspapers which gives them the ability to compete radical newspapers. Of course many of reformist's newspapers are usually banned by radical judgment system. For example during last months two popular reformists newspaper of Shargh and Hammihan were closed by law sentence.
What remain are several very mild reformist newspapers which are not popular and capable enough to influence public opinions. They have to work very timidly not to give any pretext to radical judicial system to avoid being closed. Yet these newspapers are the only channels which contact reformists to the body of Iranian society. they have gained great achivements for Iranian reformists.

Wednesday, November 28, 2007

Iran needs nuclear power

By Mohammad Sahimi, Pirouz Mojtahed-Zadeh and Kaveh L. Afrasiabi One often hears that Iran's real purpose for pursuing nuclear technology is to develop nuclear weapons and that with its huge oil and gas reserves it has no real need for nuclear energy. Even those who should know better claim that Iran, both now and in the foreseeable future, can easily meet its energy needs without recourse to nuclear sources. We would like to demonstrate that these claims lack substance. First, it is important to bear in mind that Iran's nuclear history pre-dates the current Islamic government. It originated in the mid-1970's, when the Shah unveiled plans to purchase several nuclear reactors from Germany, France and the United States to generate electricity. With Washington's blessing, the Shah's government awarded a contract to a subsidiary of the German company Siemens to construct two 1,200-megawatt reactors at Bushehr. At the time, the United States encouraged Iran to expand its non-oil energy base. A study by the Stanford Research Institute concluded that Iran would need, by the year 1990, an electrical capacity of about 20,000 megawatts. The first cadre of Iran's nuclear engineers was trained at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. In recognition of Iran's energy needs, the final draft of the U.S.-Iran Nuclear Energy Agreement was signed in July 1978 — several months before the Islamic revolution. The agreement stipulated, among other things, American export of nuclear technology and material and help in searching for uranium deposits. Second, Iran's present electrical requirements are far larger than had been predicted. With an annual growth of 6 percent to 8 percent in demand for electricity and a population estimated to reach 100 million by 2025, Iran cannot possibly rely exclusively on oil and gas. The aging oil industry, denied substantial foreign investment largely because of American sanctions, has not been able even to reach the pre-revolution production level of 5.5 million barrels per day. Of Iran's 60 major oil fields, 57 need major repairs, upgrading and repressurizing, which would require $40 billion over 15 years. Iran's current production level of 3.5 million barrels per day is increasingly geared toward domestic consumption, which has grown by more than 280 percent since 1979. If this trend continues, Iran will become a net oil importer by 2010, a catastrophe for a country that relies on oil for 80 percent of its foreign currency and 45 percent of its annual budget. Third, opponents of Iran's nuclear program often argue that Iran should opt for the more economically efficient electricity from natural gas-fired power plants. Such arguments are also not valid. A recent study by two MIT professors indicated that the cost of producing electricity from gas (and oil) is comparable with what it costs to generate it using nuclear reactors — not to mention the adverse effects of carbon emissions or the need to preserve Iran's gas reserves to position Iran in 20 or 30 years as one of the main suppliers of gas to Europe and Asia. Fourth, why should Iran deplete its nonrenewable oil and gas sources when it can, much like the energy-rich United States and Russia, resort to renewable nuclear energy? Nuclear reactors have their problems, and they will not resolve Iran's chronic shortage of electricity. Yet they represent an important first step in diversifying Iran's sources for energy. Sadly, with their fear of an Iranian bomb, the United States and some of its Western allies have failed to acknowledge Iran's legitimate quest for nuclear energy, which is important for a meaningful dialogue with Tehran to deter it from expanding its nuclear technology to bomb making. A small corrective step has been taken by France, England and Germany, whose foreign ministers recently dispatched a letter to Iran promising technical cooperation with Iran's civil nuclear program in exchange for full nuclear transparency. This is wiser than the coercive approach by the United States, which seeks to dispossess Iran of nuclear know-how altogether, and is blind to Iran's energy and security worries. * Mohammad Sahimi is a professor of chemical and petroleum engineering at the University of Southern California in Los Angeles. Pirouz Mojtahed-Zadeh is professor of political geography and geopolitics at the Tarbiat Modares university of Tehran and chairman of the Urosevic Research Foundation in London. Kaveh L. Afrasiabi is professor of Middle East politics at Chapman University.

Sunday, November 25, 2007

U.S.A against democracy

Who is the greatest obstacle in the way of democracy? It is the United States The country which has the most claims for supporting democracy. It sympathetically condemns human right abuse in China but tries to weaken Indian democratic regime. It supports Egypt, Saudi Arabia and Jordan dictators and forgets the human right issues in these countries and overlooks the fact that in Saudi Arabia women are deprived of the right of driving car. The United States performs a coup against Iranian first democratic government of Mossadegh in 1960. Anywhere in the world (specially in Islam world) in Pakistan, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Africa … the great obstacle in the way of democracy is the United States.

Saturday, November 17, 2007

Democracy in Iran

Iranian System of governing is different from any other country in the world. we can not call it absolutism because nearly all posts all decided in a (so called) democratic way and by voting different from Arab states. Also we can not call it democratic because there is no really free election in Iran. In fact the world people are not familiar with Iranian system of governing. Even many of western politicians who are in position to deal with Iranian problems are not familiar enough to make right decision toward Iran and Iranians. They usually make mistakes because they don’t know Iran. For example they didn’t support reformist government of president Khatami and this resulted to radical government of president Ahmadinejad. In this short writing I will give you some information on Iranian system of governing. 1- The leader is elected by the vote of Khobregan council parliament with about 80 members (all are clergymen) there is no limitation of time for leader. The members of this parliament are elected by direct vote of people. 2- The president is elected by direct vote of people of people for four years. 3- The parliament members are elected by Iranian voters for four years (about 300 members). 4- Guardian council with 12members are decided in this way: six clergymen chosen by the leader and six other jurists chosen by the head of judicial system who himself is chosen by the leader. What is ambiguous? Guardian council has the widest realm of power. They can decide which person is qualified or unqualified to be a candidate for Parliamentary election, Presidency election, Khobregan election. They can decide candidates for all elections. They have the responsibility to interpret constitution law. Reformists in Iran are in the side of free election they are against this system of deciding candidates.

Sunday, November 11, 2007

Iran economy today

Iran has a large amount of oil and gas deposits. The developed world is highly dependent in Iranian oil and gas. But Iran has not used this merit to develop its economy for three reasons: 1- Iranian governments did not use it properly, reasonably and economically. They habitually spent it to compensate their current expenses not economical projects and supporting private section of economy. 2- The 8 year war between Iran and Iraq is the second reason. During those years billions of dollars was spent to run the full sterling war. 3- US-based economical sanction is the third reason which highlighted Iranian dependence to oil instead of trade and industry. These three reasons have made Iranian economy sick and weak. The advent of president Ahmadinejad made the situation worse. Because his arrogant view toward the outside world has created more tensions. Recently the UN Security Council has condemned Iran for two times. Also president ahmadinejad did not follow the economical scientific rules. Many Iranian economists protested his plans, but he didn’t consider their advices. The only positive outlook is the extra high price of oil as the result of world economical condition which may save Iranian economy.

Saturday, November 10, 2007

Iranian parliamentary election is coming

Four next 4 months the most important topic in Iran is parliamentary election. Again reformists and conservatives are getting prepared for joining in this political competition. Conservatives or the supporters of President Ahmadinejad use national media (TV) to gain enough public votes to possess majority of parliament seats. On the other hand reformists or supporters of former president Khatami are in a more difficult situation. They may get disqualified by guard council. Also they lack enough media to make close contact to the public. Of curse reformists can make benefit from the dissatisfaction atmosphere of ahmadinejads political and economical program. Regarding their limitation of media Can they use this tool?

Friday, November 9, 2007

TV is our greatest rival

Safdar Hosseini a member of reform coalition base said: As we have experienced in city council election last year, reformist can again come together to gain great successes. He continued our greatest rival is national media "TV" which tries to separate reformists and cause disunion among reformists. Every night we see scenarios from TV which resulting from misusing power. TV is a national media and belongs to all Iranians not a special party or taste. Reformists unfortunately don’t have financial support and lack enough media to defend themselves, the only way remaining is union and companionship.
صدا وسیما مهمترین رقیب اصلاح طلبان صفدر حسيني در گفت‌وگو با ايسنا اظهار كرد: اما با توجه به اين‌كه در عرصه سياسي ايران احزاب هرگز به تنهايي نمي‌توانند موفق باشند و آرايش سياسي نيروها به اين‌گونه است، راهبرد ائتلاف را بايد پررنگ‌تر كرد. اختلافات را كاهش داد و تاكيد و گفتمان اصلي ما اصلاح طلبان بايد بر مشتركات باشد

Sunday, October 21, 2007

Democracy meets moderate Islamists wishes

A quick look at the Islamic countries reveals the fact that moderate Islam coordinates democratic values. In fact if democracy establishes in these countries, moderate Islamists will gain more than anybody else. They will receive the freedom of activities and get ride of cruel dictators which limits their freedom. here is more concrete examples:
In Egypt if a free and just election happens, moderate Islamists will surely achieve at least their minimum rights. Maybe they can win majority of seats of parliament. In Turkey the situation of Islamists is better. Any time that a free election is performed the winner is an Islamic party like Adalat, Fazilat and Refah. And whenever the military forces prevent free election, the Islamists stand in weaker position. In Pakistan if general Mosharaf issue the permission of a really free election Islamists will gain more benefits and the freedom of activity. In Europe Moslems gain a lot of the democratic atmosphere and whenever an undemocratic decision"n like the laws against Hijab" is taken, Islamist will lose more than any body else. Who is against democracy in Islamic countries? 1- The dictator rulers who feel unsafe about free democracy. They know that in a free democratic election they won't win.
2- The United States of America! It is surprising if one says that the U.S.A is always at the side of dictators and stands against democracy in Egypt, Pakistan, Turkey, Saudi Arabia and any other Islamic country.

Saturday, September 22, 2007

The story of benzene in Iran

Recently government made a great decision on benzene. That is each automobile has only a share of 3 liters each day. The taxi drivers were permitted to have a share of 15 to 30 liters each day because of their important role in transportation. This decision was made because Iranians used to buy benzene about 80 Tomans (about 8 cents). And that cost government about 500 Tomans (about 50 cents) per liter. It is said once Putin thr Russian president in his travel to Tehran asked about the price of a liter of benzene and then he asked about a bottle of water that was about 300 tomans. He concluded that in Iran benzene is cheaper than water! Today the price of benzene has not changed. But the difference is that each car has a special share and can not exceed this limit. Strangely there is no free benzene because the government is afraid of inflation of prices. They say if we deliver free benzene on its real price (500 tomans) it will affect the price of all goods and services in all over Iran and this will inevitably arise public dissatisfaction against government. Today many Iranians disagree with this decision, some question the way it is carried out. Others blame taxi drivers who sell their share of benzene instead of using it in the transportation system.This is the main story

Sunday, September 16, 2007

Finally negotiation! Iran and US

What has happened? Iran and United States have never had a peaceful day after Islamic Revolution in Iran in 1979. They have repeatedly stood in the emergency situation of military war, yet this has never happened as expected.On one side The late leader Ayatollah Khomeini called USA the great devil and on The other hand US president Jorge W Bush has placed Iran in The in the axis of wickedness beside Iraq and North Korea.
But recently a little has changed and it seems that both sides have found it is better to be milder. President Ahmadinejad says we are ready to negotiate on the topic of Iraq. Mr. Larijani reveals of course there is something beyond Iraq affairs, yet be sure we won't compromise over our national benefits.who stands in a higher position in these negotiations? It is clear that it is Iran. First because of US defeat in Iraq and second because the US president Jorge W Bush is getting weaker and weaker to make a real threat of military war. And Iran knows this fact.

about me

I am esfandiar Khodaee , an Iranian living in the province of Luristan in the west of Iran. I am director assistant of high school Farhang in Doroud city.
Recently I as a reformist candidate took part in the city Council election in Doroud. I earned about 4000 votes not enough to enter The city Council. I think if a man reveals his views they will grow and develop, and if he conceals them they wont. So I write down my views to be criticized and to develop.
IRAN PAPER is a blog in which I will reflect the top issues related to Iran affairs. Some of these topics:- Top news of Iran - The democracy trend in Iran - Iranian political affaires - Reformists in Iran- I do welcome your views and criticism. My telephone number: 09169626628